In this lesson, we look at instances where the infinitive functions as a noun. The infinitive phrase describes more information as to why John left school early. (direct object) Their goal, to become the best, is admirable. Given below are some examples of the infinitive phrases functioning as adjectives. Examples of infinitives or infinitive phrases used as nouns:. Nouns with to-infinitives. There are various structures with noun phrases and the to-infinitive:. To make. Locate the infinitive. Infinitive Phrases Used As Nouns. You may also see grammar worksheets examples. To run. An infinitive phrase is a group of words that includes an infinitive and other words that complete its meaning. There may also be modifiers attached to the object in the phrase, It contains a verb, so it plays the role of expressing an action in the sentence. We use the to-infinitive as a postmodifier (see noun phrases) after abstract nouns like: Subject: *To drive* a car without insurance is dangerous. In English grammar, the infinitive phrase is a sentence fragment typically starting with the word “to,” immediately followed by a verb, and then any other additional words to complement the verb. Make sure you are looking at an infinitive and not a prepositional phrase by viewing the word or words that appear after the word "to" in the sentence. What part of the liturgical calendar are flowers removed from the sanctuary? Some nouns can be followed by a to-infinitive.Many of these nouns have been formed from adjectives or verbs normally followed by a to-infinitive:. Infinitive: To + verb in the base form --- can be used in a sentence as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. An indefinite pronoun refers to a pronoun that does not specify a particular place, person, or thing. They can be used alongside verbs, as a noun phrase… A phrase that includes an infinitive along with a simple verb is an infinitive phrase. An infinitive phrase is a group of words consisting of an infinitive, a modifier or the use of pronouns, direct objects, indirect objects or complements of action or state expressed in the infinitive. Susan is trying hard to forget. 1. There are several different uses of the infinitive. If "to" is followed by a pronoun, noun or noun phrase, it is a prepositional phrase, not an infinitive. Examples of infinitives:. The word "to" is needed to make a noun phrase that denotes the action of the verb "save" without claiming that the action happened. An Infinitive phrases also can qualify a noun. He is a man to be admired for his hard work. Purpose of use Adverbial phrases typically … An infinitive is a verb that functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb in order to express an opinion, purpose of an object or action, or answer the questions who, what, or why.. An infinitive usually begins with the word “to” and is followed by the base form of a verb (the simple form of the verb that you would find in the dictionary).. Infinitive Phrases Infinitives are formed from verbs and act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Preposition Phrase … The infinitive phrase, when used as a noun, adjective or adverb is preceded by the word ‘to.’ Infinitives are formed with the verb ‘to’, together with the PRESENT TENSE of a VERB. appeal: The appeal to reduce pollution was ineffective. We all know that a noun is a word that refers to tangible things such as a thing, a person, an animal, and a place and intangible things such as a quality, an idea, and an action. Learn about each type of infinitive. Thus…..I desire to see you (compare I DESIRE A SIGHT OF YOU). An infinitive phrase is a phrase that speaks to you in your Emo phase. a worskheet on infinitive phrases for pre- intermediate level Since it is used as a noun, determine its noun use. An infinitive consists of to + base form of the verb (e.g. ReorderingHorizontal_MTY0MzA= Adjectives with to-infinitive 2. type: "html5", As an adjective, an infinitive phrase will modify a noun in the sentence. The president is about to speak. Which part of the sentence functions as an adjective? (1 point) The girls love to swim at Julie’s house. The infinitive can work as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. The ability to cooperate with others is as important as managing on our own. My group was the last to finish. He wants to ski in the winter months. Here, the infinitive phrase to go on a walk a couple times a week is the object of the verb like, so it is acting as a noun. ; To stop the car suddenly cannot be a good move. Noun as Predicate Nominative Examples: (To hang-glide is the infinitive. An infinitive phrase is another verb that may function as a noun. While infinitives are the most basic form of a verb, infinitive phrases can be used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Jane’s goal to win is extreme Infinitive phrases can act as a noun, adjective or adverb in a complete sentence. What Is a Noun Phrase? Both the complementary infinitive and the infinitive of purpose may be regarded as adverbial phrases modifying the verb. GapFillTyping_MTY0MzU= Level: advanced. In English, infinitives generally use to with the base (present) form of the verb. Read the sentence. Here are examples: To smash a spider. The most prevalent use is probably the adverbial use. The to-Infinitive The infinitive is the basic dictionary form of a verb, usually preceded by to (when it’s not, it’s called the bare infinitive, which we’ll discuss more later).Thus to go is an infinitive. Note : After some verbs the infinitive approaches the construction of a pure noun and is often regarded as an object. It functions as the direct object. (functions as a direct object) An infinitive phrase can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb, and it can appear in various places in a sentence. The infinitive can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Keep in mind that a noun can be a person, place, or thing. Examples and Observations The only … It functions as a noun in the sentence, acting as a predicate nominative that identifies experience.) Identify the italicized word or phrase. 8. Phrases have specific names based on the type of word that begins or governs the word group: noun phrase, verb phrase, prepositional phrase, infinitive phrase, participle phrase, gerund phrase, and absolute phrase. The whole phrase acts as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Our decision to close the firm was a difficult one to make. The infinitive can appear by itself, or it can be part of a larger infinitive phrase.. Infinitive phrases consist of an infinitive and all of the infinitive's complements and modifiers. Each phrase starting with "to save" names an action, and the sentence says something about these actions. ( subject) (predicate nominative) Roy wants him to write Abbey a story. Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases Definition An infinitive is a verb form beginning with “to” that can act as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Infinitive phrases can act as (1) nouns, (2) adjectives, or (3) adverbs. Infinitive phrases can be a noun, too. Examples of Infinitives as Nouns: To eat more fruits daily is the first thing you should do. f t g+ p. advice: His advice to continue was good. Examples of Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases An infinitive is a verb that has not been conjugated (changed to show person or tense). The infinitive phrase functions as a noun phrase in the sentence, acting as a direct object.) For question 8, identify which sentence below contains an infinitve phrase used as a noun. decision: I love to … Why can the infinitive phrase be classified as a noun? infinitive phrase. 1) I like to run. 4] Infinitive Phrases. They take the form of to + verb. If the verb in the infinitive phrase is transitive, it can have a noun or pronoun attached to it as the verbal object. The infinitive phrase can be a subject or noun, an adjective, an adverb, a direct object, or a predicate nominative in a sentence. The only way is to analyze what the infinitive is doing in the sentence. infinitive. It may be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Identify the italicized word or phrase. the infinitive phrase as a noun. In this sentence, the infinitive acts as an adverb. The entire phrase functions as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. An infinitive phrase is a group of words consisting of an infinitive, modifier and complement. An infinitive consists of the word “to” plus a verb; it may be used as a noun, adjective or adverb. To understand. (functions as a direct object) 2) I wanted to cook dinner for my parents. chance: In Britain, you will have a chance to improve your English. There are various structures with noun phrases and the to-infinitive: Some nouns can be followed by a to-infinitive. That is, an Infinitive phrases can be used as an adjective too. When used as a noun, the Spanish infinitive is always masculine and almost always singular. ; To watch a movie every day is rational and redeeming. An infinitive phrase will begin with an infinitive (To + Simple Form of the Verb). If it is the subject of the sentence or the direct object or predicate nominative, it is a noun. In other words, it modifies “left,” which is the verb. Adjectives with to-infinitive 1. Infinitive: to ski Use: direct object. These functions in a sentence can only be filled by a noun. 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